Yahoo Messenger and Microsoft Windows Live Messenger Breakup

I’ve read via the Yahoo Messenger announcement that YM and MS Windows Live Messenger will no longer be interoperable starting December 14, 2012.


I am a fan of instant messaging apps. I remember those good ol days when I still have ICQ and AOL IM (together with YM and MSN/hotmail) and Trillian was my pop tool to manage all the IMs. So don’t be surprised if this YM and MSN messenger interoperability is a sad news for me. Honestly I have loved their inter-connectivity for a long time and I got a lot of MSN/Hotmail contacts in my YM account.

Quoting the YM Blog:

Yahoo! Messenger interoperability with Microsoft Windows Live Messenger

Yahoo! Messenger will no longer be interoperable with Microsoft Windows Live Messenger as of December 14, 2012. Microsoft buddies will still appear on your Messenger contact list, but they will be greyed out, and if you try to send instant messages to them, the messages will not be delivered.

This is just one of the several EOS’es that Yahoo announced last November 30. Yahoo! Messenger Public Chat Rooms, Yahoo! Messenger Pingbox and Yahoo! Voice Phone In and Phone Out are the other features that will not be continued.

I don’t have other info about the YM and MS Messenger breakup but maybe both instant messenger projects are low priority in both tech companies so it’s very easy to say it will be not be functioning altogether. Maybe the revenue is not good or maybe this interconnection is too costly to maintain. Maybe the Skype acquisition and current MSFT integration or the direction to move to the outlook.com model played a key role coming up with the stop interoperability decision.

Read more about this story the Yahoo Messenger Blog post.

Are you a Yahoo Messenger user too? Or maybe a Microsoft Windows Live Messenger user? Or maybe BOTH? What are your thoughts on this breakup? Feel free to leave your comments at the end of this blog post.

Bad Piggies Download: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly

I really love the Bad Piggies. This is the reason why i posted the Pigs Are Awesome, Birds Stink post. I also supported #JoinTeamGreen in twitter

But I guess news about Bad Piggies and Bad Piggies Download is not all good (reminiscing the “its all good” quote from the Angry Birds). Bad Piggies Download can go bad and ugly too 🙂

The Good

Bad Piggies reached the top spot in the iTunes App Store Download list just three hours after the September 27, 2012 launch.

Rovio had several great releases for 2012.  The Angry Birds Space and Amazing Alex games also topped the iTunes App Store Download Charts. But Bad Piggies games broke previous Rovio records with its 3-hour surge to the top of the download charts.

Bad Piggies continues to get great reviews from gaming and news websites like all IGN, Kotaku, Wired, Gamezebo and Touch Arcade.

The Bad
My Android phone is not compatible with the Bad Piggies game. I will try the Bad Piggies PC version over the weekend and see if I will like the gameplay . For more info on the Bad Piggies game play kindly view the Bad Piggies game play courtesy of youtube and Rovio.

But I guess this is just as bad (and sad) news for me (and not for other Piggie fanatics out there). But I am still hopeful (that I can buy a new phone just to play Bad Piggies 🙂 *woot*

The Ugly
Malicious and Fake Bad Piggies app are in the wild and users should be wary of downloading Bad Piggies apps that are NOT from official sources (Google Play, Apple Store, official Rovio sources).  Trend Micro warns about the ANDROIDOS_FAKEINST.A malware that can be downloaded from some Russian websites.

Quoting Trendlabs Security intelligence Blog

The said (Russian) site offers the said app on different platforms. Instead of the actual Bad Piggies app, users instead download a malicious .APK file detected as ANDROIDOS_FAKEINST.A. Once installed, it creates a shortcut on the device’s homepage and sends SMS messages to specific numbers. As mentioned, these messages are sent without user consent and may cost users to pay extra for something they didn’t authorize.


To all Bad Piggies fans out there: BE careful OK?

I will post some Bad Piggies review soon (and maybe some Bad Piggies cheats and tips too)

On Libel and Viruses: My Notes on RA 10175, Philippines Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012

I posted the full text for RA 10175 Philippines Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 and I promised that I will post an update here at menardconnect.com but I was occupied with lots of official stuff for the last two weeks. And since today is Blog Action Day, I am posting my notes on RA 10175  Philippines Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012.

Aside from the lack of technical depth of RA 10175 with regards to actual cyber crime happening globally, I am  writing about two points that in my opinion is worth looking into. Again, this is coming from my experience as a infosec (information security) practitioner and blogger.

That Libel Clause

That libel clause is really the root of all clamor against this bill. When the Senate announced the bill (link to Senate announcement/PR here and PDF link here), there is really _NO_ libel clause. I am just surprised that in its final form (signed RA) this clause:

(4) Libel. — The unlawful or prohibited acts of libel as defined in Article 355 of the Revised Penal Code, as amended, committed through a computer system or any other similar means which may be devised in the future.

was added.

Netizens will really have doubts and may even theorize that this insertion has something to do with the Comedian Senator snafu (sorry he is NOT fit to be mentioned in the post).

I hope they can modify this part (Sorry I don’t know the correct legal term, is it repeal or amend or ?).

That Viruses Reference

RA 10175 mentions something about computer viruses. Specifically:

(3) Data Interference. — The intentional or reckless alteration, damaging, deletion or deterioration of computer data, electronic document, or electronic data message, without right, including the introduction or transmission of viruses.

(4) System Interference. — The intentional alteration or reckless hindering or interference with the functioning of a computer or computer network by inputting, transmitting, damaging, deleting, deteriorating, altering or suppressing computer data or program, electronic document, or electronic data message, without right or authority, including the introduction or transmission of viruses.

My opinion is that the legislators should the use the word malware instead of the word viruses. Malware (yes its plural without the “s”) is the correct technical term so that we can include the other malicious stuff that is also prevalent with global cyber crime.

Quoting Wikipedia (so that there will be NO selosan which AV/Security Vendor’s definition I will use)

Malware, short for malicious software, is software used or created to disrupt computer operation, gather sensitive information, or gain access to private computer systems. It can appear in the form of code, scripts, active content, and other software. ‘Malware’ is a general term used to refer to a variety of forms of hostile or intrusive software.

Malware includes computer viruses, worms, trojan horses, spyware, adware, and other malicious programs. In law, malware is sometimes known as a computer contaminant, as in the legal codes of several U.S. states.

Let’s not alienate the trojans, worms, backdoors and malicious scripts from the law and coverage because they are equally used in cyber crime.

That’s all for now!

(I’m still thinking if I can safely post my experience about lawyers + blogging + social media fail that happened to me and my blog some years ago.)

Some useful links/defs on malware, viruses, and libel.

As a support to the Philippine Internet Freedom Alliance, I am posting their link here, kindly visit their site, (I’m still assessing the scripts prior to deployment).

Before I end this post, some disclosure:

I work at Trend Micro. The views expressed in this blog post are my personal opinion and do not represent my employer’s positions, strategies or opinions.
To know more on what I do full-time, kindly visit my about page.
To know more about my blog’s full disclosure policy, kindly visit my disclosure page.

Full Text of RA 10175: Philippines Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012

Update 2012.08.02

I posted my notes on RA 10175. Kindly visit On Libel and Viruses: My Notes on RA 10175, Philippines Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012

***

I’m always excited when several of my favorite topics intersect. For this week it is cyber-security/cybercrime meets Philippine politics in the form of a new law dubbed as the Philippines Cybercrime Act.

To start the series, I’m posting the full text of the Republic Act No. 10175 also known as the Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012. RA 10175 is the consolidation of the Senate Bill No. 2796 and the House Bill No. 5808. It was signed into a law by President Noynoy Aquino III last September 12, 2012.

First personal impression of the RA10175: It is a good start, but still lacking in depth (technical depth and e.g. what is really happening in the world of global cyber crime scene). I’m not a legal expert so my point of view will be mostly coming from the technical side (Information Security) and the current state of cybercrime/cybersecurity around the world). Enough of the personal opinions, here is the full text of the Republic Act No. 10175: Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012

Republic of the Philippines
Congress of the Philippines
Metro Manila
Fifteenth Congress
Second Regular Session

Begun and held in Metro Manila, on Monday the Twenty-fifth day of July two thousand eleven.

[ Republic Act No. 10175 ]

AN ACT DEFINING CYBERCRIME, PROVIDING FOR THE PREVENTION, INVESTIGATION, SUPPRESSION AND THE IMPOSITION OF PENALTIES THEREFOR AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled:

CHAPTER I
PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS

SECTION 1. Title. — This Act shall be known as the “Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012?.

SEC. 2. Declaration of Policy. — The State recognizes the vital role of information and communications industries such as content production, telecommunications, broadcasting electronic commerce, and data processing, in the nation’s overall social and economic development. The State also recognizes the importance of providing an environment conducive to the development, acceleration, and rational application and exploitation of information and communications technology (ICT) to attain free, easy, and intelligible access to exchange and/or delivery of information; and the need to protect and safeguard the integrity of computer, computer and communications systems, networks, and databases, and the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information and data stored therein, from all forms of misuse, abuse, and illegal access by making punishable under the law such conduct or conducts. In this light, the State shall adopt sufficient powers to effectively prevent and combat such offenses by facilitating their detection, investigation, and prosecution at both the domestic and international levels, and by providing arrangements for fast and reliable international cooperation.

SEC. 3. Definition of Terms. — For purposes of this Act, the following terms are hereby defined as follows:

(a) Access refers to the instruction, communication with, storing data in, retrieving data from, or otherwise making use of any resources of a computer system or communication network.

(b) Alteration refers to the modification or change, in form or substance, of an existing computer data or program.

(c) Communication refers to the transmission of information through ICT media, including voice, video and other forms of data.

(d) Computer refers to an electronic, magnetic, optical, electrochemical, or other data processing or communications device, or grouping of such devices, capable of performing logical, arithmetic, routing, or storage functions and which includes any storage facility or equipment or communications facility or equipment directly related to or operating in conjunction with such device. It covers any type of computer device including devices with data processing capabilities like mobile phones, smart phones, computer networks and other devices connected to the internet.

(e) Computer data refers to any representation of facts, information, or concepts in a form suitable for processing in a computer system including a program suitable to cause a computer system to perform a function and includes electronic documents and/or electronic data messages whether stored in local computer systems or online.

(f) Computer program refers to a set of instructions executed by the computer to achieve intended results.

(g) Computer system refers to any device or group of interconnected or related devices, one or more of which, pursuant to a program, performs automated processing of data. It covers any type of device with data processing capabilities including, but not limited to, computers and mobile phones. The device consisting of hardware and software may include input, output and storage components which may stand alone or be connected in a network or other similar devices. It also includes computer data storage devices or media.

(h) Without right refers to either: (i) conduct undertaken without or in excess of authority; or (ii) conduct not covered by established legal defenses, excuses, court orders, justifications, or relevant principles under the law.

(i) Cyber refers to a computer or a computer network, the electronic medium in which online communication takes place.

(j) Critical infrastructure refers to the computer systems, and/or networks, whether physical or virtual, and/or the computer programs, computer data and/or traffic data so vital to this country that the incapacity or destruction of or interference with such system and assets would have a debilitating impact on security, national or economic security, national public health and safety, or any combination of those matters.

(k) Cybersecurity refers to the collection of tools, policies, risk management approaches, actions, training, best practices, assurance and technologies that can be used to protect the cyber environment and organization and user’s assets.

(l) Database refers to a representation of information, knowledge, facts, concepts, or instructions which are being prepared, processed or stored or have been prepared, processed or stored in a formalized manner and which are intended for use in a computer system.

(m) Interception refers to listening to, recording, monitoring or surveillance of the content of communications, including procuring of the content of data, either directly, through access and use of a computer system or indirectly, through the use of electronic eavesdropping or tapping devices, at the same time that the communication is occurring.

(n) Service provider refers to:

(1) Any public or private entity that provides to users of its service the ability to communicate by means of a computer system; and

(2) Any other entity that processes or stores computer data on behalf of such communication service or users of such service.

(o) Subscriber’s information refers to any information contained in the form of computer data or any other form that is held by a service provider, relating to subscribers of its services other than traffic or content data and by which identity can be established:

(1) The type of communication service used, the technical provisions taken thereto and the period of service;

(2) The subscriber’s identity, postal or geographic address, telephone and other access numbers, any assigned network address, billing and payment information, available on the basis of the service agreement or arrangement; and

(3) Any other available information on the site of the installation of communication equipment, available on the basis of the service agreement or arrangement.

(p) Traffic data or non-content data refers to any computer data other than the content of the communication including, but not limited to, the communication’s origin, destination, route, time, date, size, duration, or type of underlying service.

CHAPTER II
PUNISHABLE ACTS

SEC. 4. Cybercrime Offenses. — The following acts constitute the offense of cybercrime punishable under this Act:

(a) Offenses against the confidentiality, integrity and availability of computer data and systems:

(1) Illegal Access. – The access to the whole or any part of a computer system without right.

(2) Illegal Interception. – The interception made by technical means without right of any non-public transmission of computer data to, from, or within a computer system including electromagnetic emissions from a computer system carrying such computer data.

(3) Data Interference. — The intentional or reckless alteration, damaging, deletion or deterioration of computer data, electronic document, or electronic data message, without right, including the introduction or transmission of viruses.

(4) System Interference. — The intentional alteration or reckless hindering or interference with the functioning of a computer or computer network by inputting, transmitting, damaging, deleting, deteriorating, altering or suppressing computer data or program, electronic document, or electronic data message, without right or authority, including the introduction or transmission of viruses.

(5) Misuse of Devices.

(i) The use, production, sale, procurement, importation, distribution, or otherwise making available, without right, of:

(aa) A device, including a computer program, designed or adapted primarily for the purpose of committing any of the offenses under this Act; or

(bb) A computer password, access code, or similar data by which the whole or any part of a computer system is capable of being accessed with intent that it be used for the purpose of committing any of the offenses under this Act.

(ii) The possession of an item referred to in paragraphs 5(i)(aa) or (bb) above with intent to use said devices for the purpose of committing any of the offenses under this section.

(6) Cyber-squatting. – The acquisition of a domain name over the internet in bad faith to profit, mislead, destroy reputation, and deprive others from registering the same, if such a domain name is:

(i) Similar, identical, or confusingly similar to an existing trademark registered with the appropriate government agency at the time of the domain name registration:

(ii) Identical or in any way similar with the name of a person other than the registrant, in case of a personal name; and

(iii) Acquired without right or with intellectual property interests in it.

(b) Computer-related Offenses:

(1) Computer-related Forgery. —

(i) The input, alteration, or deletion of any computer data without right resulting in inauthentic data with the intent that it be considered or acted upon for legal purposes as if it were authentic, regardless whether or not the data is directly readable and intelligible; or

(ii) The act of knowingly using computer data which is the product of computer-related forgery as defined herein, for the purpose of perpetuating a fraudulent or dishonest design.

(2) Computer-related Fraud. — The unauthorized input, alteration, or deletion of computer data or program or interference in the functioning of a computer system, causing damage thereby with fraudulent intent: Provided, That if no

damage has yet been caused, the penalty imposable shall be one (1) degree lower.

(3) Computer-related Identity Theft. – The intentional acquisition, use, misuse, transfer, possession, alteration or deletion of identifying information belonging to another, whether natural or juridical, without right: Provided, That if no damage has yet been caused, the penalty imposable shall be one (1) degree lower.

(c) Content-related Offenses:

(1) Cybersex. — The willful engagement, maintenance, control, or operation, directly or indirectly, of any lascivious exhibition of sexual organs or sexual activity, with the aid of a computer system, for favor or consideration.

(2) Child Pornography. — The unlawful or prohibited acts defined and punishable by Republic Act No. 9775 or the Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009, committed through a computer system: Provided, That the penalty to be imposed shall be (1) one degree higher than that provided for in Republic Act No. 9775.

(3) Unsolicited Commercial Communications. — The transmission of commercial electronic communication with the use of computer system which seek to advertise, sell, or offer for sale products and services are prohibited unless:

(i) There is prior affirmative consent from the recipient; or

(ii) The primary intent of the communication is for service and/or administrative announcements from the sender to its existing users, subscribers or customers; or

(iii) The following conditions are present:

(aa) The commercial electronic communication contains a simple, valid, and reliable way for the recipient to reject. receipt of further commercial electronic messages (opt-out) from the same source;

(bb) The commercial electronic communication does not purposely disguise the source of the electronic message; and

(cc) The commercial electronic communication does not purposely include misleading information in any part of the message in order to induce the recipients to read the message.

(4) Libel. — The unlawful or prohibited acts of libel as defined in Article 355 of the Revised Penal Code, as amended, committed through a computer system or any other similar means which may be devised in the future.

SEC. 5. Other Offenses. — The following acts shall also constitute an offense:

(a) Aiding or Abetting in the Commission of Cybercrime. – Any person who willfully abets or aids in the commission of any of the offenses enumerated in this Act shall be held liable.

(b) Attempt in the Commission of Cybercrime. — Any person who willfully attempts to commit any of the offenses enumerated in this Act shall be held liable.

SEC. 6. All crimes defined and penalized by the Revised Penal Code, as amended, and special laws, if committed by, through and with the use of information and communications technologies shall be covered by the relevant provisions of this Act: Provided, That the penalty to be imposed shall be one (1) degree higher than that provided for by the Revised Penal Code, as amended, and special laws, as the case may be.

SEC. 7. Liability under Other Laws. — A prosecution under this Act shall be without prejudice to any liability for violation of any provision of the Revised Penal Code, as amended, or special laws.

CHAPTER III
PENALTIES

SEC. 8. Penalties. — Any person found guilty of any of the punishable acts enumerated in Sections 4(a) and 4(b) of this Act shall be punished with imprisonment of prision mayor or a fine of at least Two hundred thousand pesos (PhP200,000.00) up to a maximum amount commensurate to the damage incurred or both.

Any person found guilty of the punishable act under Section 4(a)(5) shall be punished with imprisonment of prision mayor or a fine of not more than Five hundred thousand pesos (PhP500,000.00) or both.

If punishable acts in Section 4(a) are committed against critical infrastructure, the penalty of reclusion temporal or a fine of at least Five hundred thousand pesos (PhP500,000.00) up to maximum amount commensurate to the damage incurred or both, shall be imposed.

Any person found guilty of any of the punishable acts enumerated in Section 4(c)(1) of this Act shall be punished with imprisonment of prision mayor or a fine of at least Two hundred thousand pesos (PhP200,000.00) but not exceeding One million pesos (PhPl,000,000.00) or both.

Any person found guilty of any of the punishable acts enumerated in Section 4(c)(2) of this Act shall be punished with the penalties as enumerated in Republic Act No. 9775 or the “Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009?: Provided, That the penalty to be imposed shall be one (1) degree higher than that provided for in Republic Act No. 9775, if committed through a computer system.

Any person found guilty of any of the punishable acts enumerated in Section 4(c)(3) shall be punished with imprisonment of arresto mayor or a fine of at least Fifty thousand pesos (PhP50,000.00) but not exceeding Two hundred fifty thousand pesos (PhP250,000.00) or both.

Any person found guilty of any of the punishable acts enumerated in Section 5 shall be punished with imprisonment one (1) degree lower than that of the prescribed penalty for the offense or a fine of at least One hundred thousand pesos (PhPl00,000.00) but not exceeding Five hundred thousand pesos (PhP500,000.00) or both.

SEC. 9. Corporate Liability. — When any of the punishable acts herein defined are knowingly committed on behalf of or for the benefit of a juridical person, by a natural person acting either individually or as part of an organ of the juridical person, who has a leading position within, based on: (a) a power of representation of the juridical person provided the act committed falls within the scope of such authority; (b) an authority to take decisions on behalf of the juridical person: Provided, That the act committed falls within the scope of such authority; or (c) an authority to exercise control within the juridical person, the juridical person shall be held liable for a fine equivalent to at least double the fines imposable in Section 7 up to a maximum of Ten million pesos (PhP10,000,000.00).

If the commission of any of the punishable acts herein defined was made possible due to the lack of supervision or control by a natural person referred to and described in the preceding paragraph, for the benefit of that juridical person by a natural person acting under its authority, the juridical person shall be held liable for a fine equivalent to at least double the fines imposable in Section 7 up to a maximum of Five million pesos (PhP5,000,000.00).

The liability imposed on the juridical person shall be without prejudice to the criminal liability of the natural person who has committed the offense.

CHAPTER IV
ENFORCEMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION

SEC. 10. Law Enforcement Authorities. — The National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) and the Philippine National Police (PNP) shall be responsible for the efficient and effective law enforcement of the provisions of this Act. The NBI and the PNP shall organize a cybercrime unit or center manned by special investigators to exclusively handle cases involving violations of this Act.

SEC. 11. Duties of Law Enforcement Authorities. — To ensure that the technical nature of cybercrime and its prevention is given focus and considering the procedures involved for international cooperation, law enforcement authorities specifically the computer or technology crime divisions or units responsible for the investigation of cybercrimes are required to submit timely and regular reports including pre-operation, post-operation and investigation results and such other documents as may be required to the Department of Justice (DOJ) for review and monitoring.

SEC. 12. Real-Time Collection of Traffic Data. — Law enforcement authorities, with due cause, shall be authorized to collect or record by technical or electronic means traffic data in real-time associated with specified communications transmitted by means of a computer system.

Traffic data refer only to the communication’s origin, destination, route, time, date, size, duration, or type of underlying service, but not content, nor identities.

All other data to be collected or seized or disclosed will require a court warrant.

Service providers are required to cooperate and assist law enforcement authorities in the collection or recording of the above-stated information.

The court warrant required under this section shall only be issued or granted upon written application and the examination under oath or affirmation of the applicant and the witnesses he may produce and the showing: (1) that there are reasonable grounds to believe that any of the crimes enumerated hereinabove has been committed, or is being committed, or is about to be committed: (2) that there are reasonable grounds to believe that evidence that will be obtained is essential to the conviction of any person for, or to the solution of, or to the prevention of, any such crimes; and (3) that there are no other means readily available for obtaining such evidence.

SEC. 13. Preservation of Computer Data. — The integrity of traffic data and subscriber information relating to communication services provided by a service provider shall be preserved for a minimum period of six (6) months from the date of the transaction. Content data shall be similarly preserved for six (6) months from the date of receipt of the order from law enforcement authorities requiring its preservation.

Law enforcement authorities may order a one-time extension for another six (6) months: Provided, That once computer data preserved, transmitted or stored by a service provider is used as evidence in a case, the mere furnishing to such service provider of the transmittal document to the Office of the Prosecutor shall be deemed a notification to preserve the computer data until the termination of the case.

The service provider ordered to preserve computer data shall keep confidential the order and its compliance.

SEC. 14. Disclosure of Computer Data. — Law enforcement authorities, upon securing a court warrant, shall issue an order requiring any person or service provider to disclose or submit subscriber’s information, traffic data or relevant data in his/its possession or control within seventy-two (72) hours from receipt of the order in relation to a valid complaint officially docketed and assigned for investigation and the disclosure is necessary and relevant for the purpose of investigation.

SEC. 15. Search, Seizure and Examination of Computer Data. — Where a search and seizure warrant is properly issued, the law enforcement authorities shall likewise have the following powers and duties.

Within the time period specified in the warrant, to conduct interception, as defined in this Act, and:

(a) To secure a computer system or a computer data storage medium;

(b) To make and retain a copy of those computer data secured;

(c) To maintain the integrity of the relevant stored computer data;

(d) To conduct forensic analysis or examination of the computer data storage medium; and

(e) To render inaccessible or remove those computer data in the accessed computer or computer and communications network.

Pursuant thereof, the law enforcement authorities may order any person who has knowledge about the functioning of the computer system and the measures to protect and preserve the computer data therein to provide, as is reasonable, the necessary information, to enable the undertaking of the search, seizure and examination.

Law enforcement authorities may request for an extension of time to complete the examination of the computer data storage medium and to make a return thereon but in no case for a period longer than thirty (30) days from date of approval by the court.

SEC. 16. Custody of Computer Data. — All computer data, including content and traffic data, examined under a proper warrant shall, within forty-eight (48) hours after the expiration of the period fixed therein, be deposited with the court in a sealed package, and shall be accompanied by an affidavit of the law enforcement authority executing it stating the dates and times covered by the examination, and the law enforcement authority who may access the deposit, among other relevant data. The law enforcement authority shall also certify that no duplicates or copies of the whole or any part thereof have been made, or if made, that all such duplicates or copies are included in the package deposited with the court. The package so deposited shall not be opened, or the recordings replayed, or used in evidence, or then contents revealed, except upon order of the court, which shall not be granted except upon motion, with due notice and opportunity to be heard to the person or persons whose conversation or communications have been recorded.

SEC. 17. Destruction of Computer Data. — Upon expiration of the periods as provided in Sections 13 and 15, service providers and law enforcement authorities, as the case may be, shall immediately and completely destroy the computer data subject of a preservation and examination.

SEC. 18. Exclusionary Rule. — Any evidence procured without a valid warrant or beyond the authority of the same shall be inadmissible for any proceeding before any court or tribunal.

SEC. 19. Restricting or Blocking Access to Computer Data. — When a computer data is prima facie found to be in violation of the provisions of this Act, the DOJ shall issue an order to restrict or block access to such computer data.

SEC. 20. Noncompliance. — Failure to comply with the provisions of Chapter IV hereof specifically the orders from law enforcement authorities shall be punished as a violation of Presidential Decree No. 1829 with imprisonment of prision correctional in its maximum period or a fine of One hundred thousand pesos (Php100,000.00) or both, for each and every noncompliance with an order issued by law enforcement authorities.

CHAPTER V
JURISDICTION

SEC. 21. Jurisdiction. — The Regional Trial Court shall have jurisdiction over any violation of the provisions of this Act. including any violation committed by a Filipino national regardless of the place of commission. Jurisdiction shall lie if any of the elements was committed within the Philippines or committed with the use of any computer system wholly or partly situated in the country, or when by such commission any damage is caused to a natural or juridical person who, at the time the offense was committed, was in the Philippines.

There shall be designated special cybercrime courts manned by specially trained judges to handle cybercrime cases.

CHAPTER VI
INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

Sec. 22. General Principles Relating to International Cooperation — All relevant international instruments on international cooperation in criminal matters, arrangements agreed on the basis of uniform or reciprocal legislation, and domestic laws, to the widest extent possible for the purposes of investigations or proceedings concerning criminal offenses related to computer systems and data, or for the collection of evidence in electronic form of a criminal, offense shall be given full force and effect.

CHAPTER VII
COMPETENT AUTHORITIES

SEC 23. Department of Justice (DOJ). — There is hereby created an Office of Cybercrime within the DOJ designated as the central authority in all matters related to international mutual assistance and extradition.

SEC. 24. Cybercrime Investigation and Coordinating Center. — There is hereby created, within thirty (30) days from the effectivity of this Act, an inter-agency body to be known as the Cybercrime Investigation and Coordinating Center (CICC), under the administrative supervision of the Office of the President, for policy coordination among concerned agencies and for the formulation and enforcement of the national cybersecurity plan.

SEC. 25. Composition. — The CICC shall be headed by the Executive Director of the Information and Communications Technology Office under the Department of Science and Technology (ICTO-DOST) as Chairperson with the Director of the NBI as Vice Chairperson; the Chief of the PNP; Head of the DOJ Office of Cybercrime; and one (1) representative from the private sector and academe, as members. The CICC shall be manned by a secretariat of selected existing personnel and representatives from the different participating agencies.

SEC. 26. Powers and Functions. — The CICC shall have the following powers and functions:

(a) To formulate a national cybersecurity plan and extend immediate assistance for the suppression of real-time commission of cybercrime offenses through a computer emergency response team (CERT);

(b) To coordinate the preparation of appropriate and effective measures to prevent and suppress cybercrime activities as provided for in this Act;

(c) To monitor cybercrime cases being bandied by participating law enforcement and prosecution agencies;

(d) To facilitate international cooperation on intelligence, investigations, training and capacity building related to cybercrime prevention, suppression and prosecution;

(e) To coordinate the support and participation of the business sector, local government units and nongovernment organizations in cybercrime prevention programs and other

related projects;

(f) To recommend the enactment of appropriate laws, issuances, measures and policies;

(g) To call upon any government agency to render assistance in the accomplishment of the CICC’s mandated tasks and functions; and

(h) To perform all other matters related to cybercrime prevention and suppression, including capacity building and such other functions and duties as may be necessary for the proper implementation of this Act.

CHAPTER VIII
FINAL PROVISIONS

SEC. 27. Appropriations. — The amount of Fifty million pesos (PhP50,000,000_00) shall be appropriated annually for the implementation of this Act.

SEC. 28. Implementing Rules and Regulations. — The ICTO-DOST, the DOJ and the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) shall jointly formulate the necessary rules and regulations within ninety (90) days from approval of this Act, for its effective implementation.

SEC. 29. Separability Clause — If any provision of this Act is held invalid, the other provisions not affected shall remain in full force and effect.

SEC. 30. Repealing Clause. — All laws, decrees or rules inconsistent with this Act are hereby repealed or modified accordingly. Section 33(a) of Republic Act No. 8792 or the “Electronic Commerce Act” is hereby modified accordingly.

SEC. 31. Effectivity. — This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days after the completion of its publication in the Official Gazette or in at least two (2) newspapers of general circulation.

Approved,

FELICIANO BELMONTE JR.
Speaker of the House
of Representatives

JUAN PONCE ENRILE
President of the Senate

BENIGNO S. AQUINO III
President of the Philippines

More personal opinions on this issue to follow soon (maybe a 2 or 3-part series of posts 🙂 ).

Some disclosure before I end the post.

I work at Trend Micro. The views expressed in this blog post are my personal opinion and do not represent my employer’s positions, strategies or opinions.
To know more on what I do full-time, kindly visit my about page.
To know more about my blog’s full disclosure policy, kindly visit my disclosure page.

Full Text credits to Official Gazette. You can download the pdf via

http://www.gov.ph/2012/09/12/republic-act-no-10175/

[email protected] Spam Run and Aftermath

I receive an email from [email protected] (full text below). The email claims that they are looking for internet marketing assistants, VA’s, Web content writers, copywriters and are offering a substantial monthly salary. If this salary is Philippine Peso it’s ok for a start, but if the figures were in USD, it’s a big wow for me.

Before this incident, I have not heard anything about platehead.com, so I did the usual cyber-sleuthing. Saw some comments from other Bloggers inquiring about this email spam run. I asked Spiderham and he said that some of his blogger friends got the same email too and they are branding it as spam. I have my own conspiracy theory but I forgot to write about it until today.

I checked their website again and it seems they have an advisory already. They claim that a hacker/spammer got access to their email and send it out. While I don’t 100% like their message and their delivery, I will give them the benefit of the doubt, because:

  • This is BAD publicity for their site
  • Anybody (or any site) can be a victim of such type of attack
  • I want to focus on the possible implications to the community, more than put blame on affected website.

Some curious observations:

  • The email spam addressed me using my full name and not the name I have available publicly (in Twitter, Linkedin, and Google+). I used this name in two or three pinoy blogger events together with the email address the got the spam.
  • The email spam seems to be focused on Filipino Bloggers, checking posts and those who commented to the platehead.com advisory.

Given these two, I believe some distribution list of Filipino/Pinoy Bloggers got compromised.And our email addresses and names are out in the open…

And not surprisingly I am getting several other spammy mails (and I am investigating it on my free time). But that may be worth of another post in the future.

To platehead.com admin/staffs, thanks for the notice but I offer some unsolicited advice: in your message it will be better to add some assurance that it will not happen again. Also an about page is good so that the blogosphere will know your site and your writers more.

The full text of the email spam

Hello <full name>

We are looking for committed individuals to add to our team as internet marketing assistants/Virtual Assistants/Web content writers/copywriters

Job description:

You will be given a wide array of internet marketing related tasks and projects, especially search engine optimization work.

Tasks would include writing blog posts, publishing articles, web development, creating joint ventures with other websites, etc.

Skills required:

You must be fluent in written and conversant in the English language

You must be proficient with web-mailing, browsing, word processing, spreadsheets, etc.

Experience with building/managing websites and HTML,CSS,PHP, etc. are preferred.

Internet marketing experience preferred, but not required.

College degree preferred, but not required.

“Willingness to learn new skills useful for Internet marketing”

Pay:

13000-14000 per month starting pay.

How to apply:

Please submit atleast 1 article about “Information Security & Techonology” to [email protected]

This job is 3 hours a day and 5 days a week we offer high compensation for qualified employees.

Thanks

How about you? Did you receive this [email protected] Email Spam too?

I will try to update this article with other pinoy bloggers post/s about this issue.

Blizzard Confirms Security Breach

Blizzard confirmed that there was a security breach inside their network. Mike Morhaime, Blizzard CEO confirmed the issue via a message entitled “Important Security Update” posted in their official blizzard.com website.

Image Credit: us.blizzard.com

Full message below (with some minor edits as I want to highlight important key points)

Players and Friends,

Even when you are in the business of fun, not every week ends up being fun. This week, our security team found an unauthorized and illegal access into our internal network here at Blizzard. We quickly took steps to close off this access and began working with law enforcement and security experts to investigate what happened.

At this time, we’ve found no evidence that financial information such as credit cards, billing addresses, or real names were compromised. Our investigation is ongoing, but so far nothing suggests that these pieces of information have been accessed.

Some data was illegally accessed, including a list of email addresses for global Battle.net users, outside of China. For players on North American servers (which generally includes players from North America, Latin America, Australia, New Zealand, and Southeast Asia) the answer to the personal security question, and information relating to Mobile and Dial-In Authenticators were also accessed. Based on what we currently know, this information alone is NOT enough for anyone to gain access to Battle.net accounts.

We also know that cryptographically scrambled versions of Battle.net passwords (not actual passwords) for players on North American servers were taken. We use Secure Remote Password protocol (SRP) to protect these passwords, which is designed to make it extremely difficult to extract the actual password, and also means that each password would have to be deciphered individually. As a precaution, however, we recommend that players on North American servers change their password. Please click this link to change your password. Moreover, if you have used the same or similar passwords for other purposes, you may want to consider changing those passwords as well.

In the coming days, we’ll be prompting players on North American servers to change their secret questions and answers through an automated process. Additionally, we’ll prompt mobile authenticator users to update their authenticator software. As a reminder, phishing emails will ask you for password or login information. Blizzard Entertainment emails will never ask for your password. We deeply regret the inconvenience to all of you and understand you may have questions. Please find additional information here.

We take the security of your personal information very seriously, and we are truly sorry that this has happened.

Sincerely,
Mike Morhaime

I commend Blizzard‘s open communication and security mindset regarding this security breach. I blogged about some potential security issue with their password a few months ago (Blizzard’s Battle.Net Password: NOT Case-sensitive) and also noted that they have improved their overall security measures as compared to the previous years, in my recent post (Malware Blog – World of Warcraft Scams: Mist of Pandaria, Free Mounts and Phishing Galore).

I am heeding their call for the Battle.net password change request, and I am encouraging my fellow World of Warcraft, Starcraft 2 and Diablo III Fans, Players, Friends and readers to do the same, as a support to Blizzard‘s security campaign.

Be safe people, in game and outside the game, online and offline!

For more details, kindly visit

http://us.blizzard.com/en-us/securityupdate.html

For more World of Warcraft post kindly visit my other WoW posts and other Blizzard posts.

Malware Blog – World of Warcraft Scams: Mist of Pandaria, Free Mounts and Phishing Galore

I’m always excited when I encounter some #security meets #gaming issue.  So I’m eagerly re-posting my blog article published in the TrendLabs Malware Blog entitled World of Warcraft Scams: Mist of Pandaria, Free Mounts and Phishing Galore.

World of Warcraft: Mists of Pandaria is the fourth expansion for the massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) World of Warcraft. It was first unveiled to the public last October 2011 during the BlizzCon 2011 conference in Anaheim, California.

TrendLabs researchers started seeing increased phishing activity inside World of Warcraft after Blizzard started the closed beta testing for Mists of Pandaria last March 2012.

In these new rounds of phishing attempts, scammers are trying to abuse the WoW’s in-game mail system. In this phishing attempt, the malicious URLs are sent via in-game mail and are received by players in their in-game mailboxes.

 

 

In this phishing try, the scammer entices would-be victims to join the Mist of Pandaria beta testing and win an exclusive in-game item, the Dragon Turtle Mount, by visiting and registering in their website. The Dragon Turtle Mount was previously announced by Blizzard as the racial mount for the Pandarens, the new additional playable character race available in the Mist of Pandaria expansion.

 

 

The phishing URL in the in-game email goes to a phishing website that closely resembles the actual Battle.net website. The phishing URL tried to add some credibility by adding the string Mist of Pandaria abbreviation (MOP) to the domain name.

 

 

If unsuspecting users input their Battle.net credentials it will definitely result to Battle.net account theft. Battle.net is the central account management for all Blizzard games like World of Warcraft, Starcraft 2, and Diablo III.

In contrast to what we discussed in our previous World of Warcraft post, we observed that recent scamming attempts seem to be targeted at low level characters and not high level or level-capped (Level 85) ones. This may be part of the scam detection avoidance strategy of the bad guys, as high level characters may have more awareness to this security issue as they have spent more time in the game.

We analyzed the malicious domain further and found some great discovery: The same server also hosts other phishing sites targeting World of Warcraft players:

  • http://{BLOCKED}p.us-support.net
  • http://{BLOCKED}p.wow-support.net
  • http://for{BLOCKED}t-eu-wow-account-blizzard.com
  • http://for{BLOCKED}t-wow-us-account-blizzard.com
  • http://{BLOCKED}a-pandaria.net

The newly discovered malicious websites are using Mist of PandariaWorld of Warcraft, and their corresponding abbreviations in their URLs.

Trend Micro users need not worry about these threats, as they are protected from these World of Warcraft phishing attacks via the Trend Micro™ Smart Protection Network™, which blocks access to the phishing websites.

It is interesting to note that some of the phishing websites were registered just days after Blizzard announced that Mist of Pandaria will be the next World of Warcraft expansion. This clearly shows that the bad guys are up to date and are always in the lookout for events and opportunities to expand their nefarious schemes.

Blizzard on their part have stepped up their security measures. They have published a dedicated security page to help users understand their security commitment; raise awareness on different types of account thefts, highlight a gamer’s security checklist, and a step by step guide on what to do when users suspect that their account is being compromised.

Blizzard also promoted their authenticator (available as an app for iOS and Android devices, and as a keychain fob) by giving away an exclusive World of Warcraft Corehound pet to users availing the authentication services.

We also advice our readers, casual and hardcore gamers alike to view our latest Security and Gaming e-Guide to get helpful tips to help secure their online game experience.

Thanks to Paul Pajares for additional technical details.

Image credits: blog.trendmicro.com

Original post from: TrendLabs | Malware Blog – by Trend Micro

My special thanks to Paul, JM, Tin, Gelo and Badette for their help in the article. You guys and gals rock!!!

I will give my personal insights on this article (World of Warcraft, Mist of Pandaria, Phishing and Security) here in menardconnect.com soon. Watch out for it OK?

Kindly view my other World o Warcraft posts here

To all online gamers out there, be safe online OK?

 

TrendLabs PH Blogger Tour Part 2 Post


I mentioned several weeks ago that I joined the TrendLabs PH Blogger Tour and I welcomed some Pinoy Tech Bloggers to our Labs.

I got hold of some of the blogger’s articles and links about the TrendLabs Tour and as a sign of my appreciation I am giving out some link-love here at menardconnect.com

  • Inside an Anti-Virus Lab by Ron Villegas
  • Trend Micro gives a peek at global lab in PH by Glen Fontanilla
  • Trend Micro Labs Philippines Facilities Antivirus Tour by Jayson Biadog
  • A brief tour inside Trend Micro’s TrendLabs by Andrei Lim
  • XSTIG: Trend Micro TrendLabs Tour by by Florencio Jusay Jr
  • TREND MICRO TRENDLABS TOUR by Wilmar Duldulao

Will update this post when I have the other posts/links of  the other attendees

Again, thank you guys and hope to see you again soon…

TrendLabs PH Bloggers Tour

Last week I participated in our company event for PH Tech Bloggers. I presented to Pinoy Tech Bloggers our company (Trend Micro) and what do we TrendLabs dudes and dudettes do for a living 🙂

Image Credit: TrendLabs/Trend Micro

My presentation is entitled “TrendLabs Tour, 1,000,000,000 threats daily, 1,000 Threat Response Specialists fighting the good fight” and I hope (and pray) that I presented it well.

Some personal insights: It’s a refreshing experience because I have not joined an end-to-end walking tour for a long long time!!!

I’m excited too (and honestly, I’m kabado rin) as this group IS Pinoy tech bloggers, and you know how I love to connect to my fellow pinoy bloggers (now you know why this blog is called menardCONNECT.com). even if this blog is not pure tech blog 😀

To the pinoy tech bloggers who attended the event: Thank you! It was really a pleasure meeting you all. I’ll be visiting your blog sites soon, and will connect to you via sns, twitter and/or google+ maybe. I’m really poor at matching names and faces and blogsites, but I know we will meet again in blogging events (IRL and online), and when that time comes just remind me that we met in the TrendLabs Tour and I will remember you!!!

Special greets to Miray, Macky and the rest of my team mates for a job well done. Sorry I cannot mention you all here (as I haven’t got your explicit permission yet, but I can and will edit this post  after getting your blessings).

Looking forward for the next TrendLabs blogger and social media event 🙂 **Wooot!**

Update 2012.o7.17

I created a new post with the links from pinoy tech blogger attendees. Kindly view TrendLabs PH Bloggers Tour Part 2 Post

Lastly some disclosure:
I work at Trend Micro. This blog post is NOT a paid post by Trend Micro. The information contained in this post is my personal insights on the Trend Micro/TrendLabs activity.

To know more on what I do at work, kindly visit my about page.
To know more about my blog’s full disclosure policy, kindly visit my disclosure page.

Trend Micro Pilipinas: 50% Discount – Titanium Maximum Security

Trend Micro Pilipinas in Facebook is offering a 50% discount for Titanium Maximum Security product. This is their way of saying “Thank you” for the support FB users are giving to Trend Micro Pilipinas. Titanium Maximum Security costs PHP 1495, but it can be availed for PHP 747.50 by using the promotional code.

Titanium Maximum Security protects users against computer viruses, worms, Trojan horse programs, and related security threats. It protects home users against the latest threats and guards their personal information and privacy against spyware, rootkits, and other malicious software.

This is a good deal so grab na!!!

Kindly visit:

https://www.facebook.com/TrendMicroPH/app_215603845204546

Promo period is from June 1 to June 30, 2012. Per DTI-NCR permit No. 3559, Series of 2012.

Lastly some disclosure:
I work at Trend Micro. This blog post is NOT a paid post by Trend Micro. The information contained in this post was taken from Trend Micro and Facebook.com (via Trend Micro Pilipinas Facebook Page).
To know more on what I do full-time, kindly visit my about page.
To know more about my blog’s full disclosure policy, kindly visit my disclosure page.